Form of textile produced using knotting techniques.
The primary knots of macramé are the square and forms of "hitching": various combinations of half hitches. It was long crafted by sailors, especially in elaborate or ornamental knotting forms, to cover anything from knife handles to bottles to parts of ships. Macramé was most popular in Victorian era.
Macramé's popularity faded, but resurged in the 1970s for making wall hangings, clothing accessories, bedspreads, table cloth, plant hangers, and other beautiful things.
Materials used in macramé include cords made of cotton twine, linen, hemp, jute, yarn. Cords are identified by their construction as single twist string, 3-ply cord, braided cord and sash cord.